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Researchers of this article studied the long-term impacts (LTIs) of medically adverse events on families and patients years after they occurred. They found that the four main LTIs were 1) prolonged financial effects, 2) continuous anger and vivid recollections of the event, 3) changes in self-identity and health behaviors, and 4) chronic physical effects. The findings of this report emphasize the need for future research focusing on ways to help families and patients dealing with the effects of adverse health events.


Ottosen, M. J., Sedlock, E. W., Aigbe, A. O., Bell, S. K., Gallagher, T. H., & Thomas, E. J. (2018). Long-Term Impacts Faced by Patients and Families After Harmful Healthcare Events. Journal of Patient Safety.