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Two victims are involved in adverse incidents within health care. The first victim is the patient and family and the second is the health care provider. Researchers of this study focused on the effects of adverse events on healthcare professionals. They found that it is necessary to develop and implement support systems that can utilized by both patients, families, and healthcare providers when dealing with the effects of adverse incidents.



Seys, D., Wu, A. W., Van Gerven, E., Vleugels, A., Euwema, M., Panella, M., … Vanhaecht, K. (2013). Health care professionals as second victims after adverse events: a systematic review. Evaluation & the Health Professions, 36(2), 135–162.