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This article discusses the negative connotations that surround the term “second victim,” which is used to describe healthcare providers following their involvement in a adverse medical incident. Authors of this article persuade people to stop using this term, since it discourages healthcare providers from taking responsibility for their actions, as well as undermines the patient’s feelings and situation.


Clarkson, M. D., Haskell, H., Hemmelgarn, C., & Skolnik, P. J. (2019). Abandon the term “second victim.” BMJ, 364, l1233.